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F(x) adds methods to ActiveRecord::Migration to create and manage database functions and triggers in Rails.

Using F(x), you can bring the power of SQL functions and triggers to your Rails application without having to switch your schema format to SQL. F(x) provides a convention for versioning functions and triggers that keeps your migration history consistent and reversible and avoids having to duplicate SQL strings across migrations. As an added bonus, you define the structure of your function in a SQL file, meaning you get full SQL syntax highlighting in the editor of your choice and can easily test your SQL in the database console during development.

F(x) ships with support for PostgreSQL. The adapter is configurable (see Fx::Configuration) and has a minimal interface (see Fx::Adapters::Postgres) that other gems can provide.

Great, how do I create a trigger and a function?

You've got this great idea for a function you'd like to call uppercase_users_name. You can create the migration and the corresponding definition file with the following command:

% rails generate fx:function uppercase_users_name
      create  db/functions/uppercase_users_name_v01.sql
      create  db/migrate/[TIMESTAMP]_create_function_uppercase_users_name.rb

Edit the db/functions/uppercase_users_name_v01.sql file with the SQL statement that defines your function.

Next, let's add a trigger called uppercase_users_name to call our new function each time we INSERT on the users table.

% rails generate fx:trigger uppercase_users_name table_name:users
      create  db/triggers/uppercase_users_name_v01.sql
      create  db/migrate/[TIMESTAMP]_create_trigger_uppercase_users_name.rb

In our example, this might look something like this:

CREATE TRIGGER uppercase_users_name
    EXECUTE FUNCTION uppercase_users_name();

The generated migrations contains create_function and create_trigger statements. The migration is reversible and the schema will be dumped into your schema.rb file.

% rake db:migrate

Cool, but what if I need to change a trigger or function?

Here's where F(x) really shines. Run that same function generator once more:

% rails generate fx:function uppercase_users_name
      create  db/functions/uppercase_users_name_v02.sql
      create  db/migrate/[TIMESTAMP]_update_function_uppercase_users_name_to_version_2.rb

F(x) detected that we already had an existing uppercase_users_name function at version 1, created a copy of that definition as version 2, and created a migration to update to the version 2 schema. All that's left for you to do is tweak the schema in the new definition and run the update_function migration.

I don't need this trigger or function anymore. Make it go away.

F(x) gives you drop_trigger and drop_function too:

def change
  drop_function :uppercase_users_name, revert_to_version: 2

What if I need to use a function as the default value of a column?

You need to set F(x) to dump the functions in the beginning of db/schema.rb in a initializer:

# config/initializers/fx.rb
Fx.configure do |config|
  config.dump_functions_at_beginning_of_schema = true

And then you can use a lambda in your migration file:

create_table :my_table do |t|
  t.string :my_column, default: -> { "my_function()" }

That's how you tell Rails to use the default as a literal SQL for the default column value instead of a plain string.



See contributing for more details.